From Rock to Reactor: Tracing the Journey of Uranium


Uranium is a naturally occurring element used to generate electricity for over 60 years. It is a crucial component of nuclear power plants and is mined from various parts of the world. 

In the United States, the mining and processing of uranium have played a significant role in the country’s energy industry. This article will trace the journey of US Uranium from its extraction to its use in nuclear reactors.

Mining of US Uranium

The United States has a long history of uranium mining, dating back to the 1940s when the country began developing its nuclear arsenal. The first US Uranium mines were located in the western states of Colorado, Utah, and New Mexico. Today, US Uranium mining is primarily concentrated in Wyoming, home to the largest known reserves of the element.

The process of mining US Uranium begins with identifying the location of uranium deposits. Once a deposit is found, miners use various techniques to extract the uranium from the ground. 

The most common method is in-situ leach mining, which involves injecting a solution into the ground to dissolve the uranium. The solution is then pumped to the surface, where the uranium is extracted.

Processing of US Uranium

After US Uranium is extracted from the ground, it undergoes a series of processing steps to prepare it for use in nuclear reactors. The first step is milling, which involves crushing the ore into a powder and then treating it with chemicals to separate the uranium. The resulting product is yellowcake, which contains around 70% uranium.

The next step is conversion, where the yellowcake is chemically treated to convert it into uranium hexafluoride, a gas that can be used in enrichment. This process occurs at a conversion facility, of which there are only a few worldwide.

Enrichment of US Uranium

US Uranium must be enriched before it can be used as fuel in nuclear reactors. Enrichment involves increasing the concentration of uranium-235, the isotope of uranium used for nuclear fuel. The most common enrichment method is gas diffusion, which involves passing uranium hexafluoride gas through membranes that filter out the heavier uranium-238 isotope.

The United States has several uranium enrichment facilities, including the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant in Kentucky and the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant in Ohio. However, most US Uranium enrichment has been conducted at foreign facilities in recent years due to various economic and political factors.

Use of US Uranium in Reactors

Once US Uranium has been enriched, it can be used as fuel in nuclear reactors. The fuel is typically made into small pellets loaded into fuel rods, then placed inside the reactor. When the reactor is operating, the uranium atoms undergo fission, releasing energy in the form of heat.

Heat is applied to generate steam, which drives electricity turbines. Nuclear power plants generate around 20% of the electricity in the United States, making it an important source of clean energy.


US Uranium plays a critical role in the country’s energy industry, providing a significant portion of the fuel used in nuclear power plants. From its extraction to its use in reactors, the journey of US Uranium involves a complex series of steps that require specialized equipment and expertise. 

As the country looks to transition to a cleaner energy future, the role of US Uranium in generating electricity will likely continue to be important.

If you want to learn more about US Uranium and its role in the energy industry, contact William Sheriff, a leading uranium expert. He can provide you with valuable insights and information on this important topic. Don’t miss out on this opportunity – reach out to William Sheriff today!


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About the Author

William Sheriff

As the founder and Executive Chairman of enCore Uranium (TSXV:EU), Mr. Sheriff has advanced the company from inception to a near term producer with a multi-jurisdictional United States asset base. Mr Sheriff is an entrepreneur and visionary with over 40 years’ experience in the minerals industry and the securities industry, and has been responsible for significant capital raises along with corporate development. Mr. Sheriff was a pioneer in the uranium renaissance as co-founder and Chairman of Energy Metals Corp., and was responsible for compiling the largest domestic uranium resource base in US history before the company was acquired by Uranium One Corp for $1.8 Billion in 2006. With his in-depth understanding of the nuclear industry and market conditions, plus his knowledge of both the financial markets, Mr. Sheriff is regarded as a leader and avid supporter of nuclear energy as a clean and reliable energy source for the Unites States.

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